Breeding Cattle

Holstein

Holstein -  Black pied or red pied

German Holsteins are very big, leggy, flat-muscled cattle in the colour ranges of white and black and white and red. Their great performance characteristics and good adaptability has made this breed internationally known, and the tradition of monthly breeding cattle auctions allows for a wide distribution of the race.
The long living farm cow possesses a functional body structure with correct
legs and claws as well as a fodder with great capacity.
The optimal average dimensions for mature cows equals a size of approx. 145 cm to 150 cm and 750 kg live weight.
A functional, permanently fixed udder with a good milking ability is
necessary for high milk yields over numerous lactations.

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                145-156

Live weight, kg:              550-750

Average yield of all milk performance test cows in Germany in 2010:

                                        Black and white pied       Red and white pied

Milk yield, kg/year                   8,766                                        7,818

Fat content %                             4.11                                          4.25

Protein %                                     3.40                                          3.42

 

Breeding Goals:

- an economical dairy cow,

- a high milk yield with a corresponding development potential,

- a high fodder capacity, stable health and a good fertility,

- genetically a potential yield of 10,000 kg milk per year  with 4.0 % fat and 3.5 % protein,

- a lifetime productivity exceeding 40,000 kg milk,

- a sacrum height of 145 to 156 cm,

- a weight of 650 to 750 kg,

- a correct and resilient foundation (legs and claws) as well as

- a healthy and easy to milk udder featuring a quality and functionality for a high daily yield over many lactations and which meets the requirements of modern milking systems

 

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Fleckvieh

Fleckvieh Cattle

- typical dual-purpose breed with a white head and wide forehead

- high fodder capacity together with a good meat gain

- good milk yield with a high fat and protein content

- regular fertility and a smooth calving

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                140-150

Live weight, kg:              600-850

Average yield of all milk performance test cows in Germany in 2010:

Milk yield, kg/year                   6.975

Fat content %                             4.14

Protein %                                    3.48

 

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Brown swiss

Brown swiss

- dual-purpose breed with a high milk yield

- uniform brown to grey-brown cattle with black, light-trimmed muzzle

- high milk protein content

- long useful life and high lifetime productivity

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                142-154

Live weight, kg:              over 600

Average yield of all milk performance test cows in Germany in 2010:

Milk yield, kg/year                   7.052

Fat content %                             4.22

Protein %                                    3.59

 

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Jersey

Jersey

- yellow to light brown coloured dairy cattle

- smallest domestic cattle

- low milk yield featuring an extremely high fat and protein content

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                125

Live weight, kg:              more than 400

Average yield of all milk performance test cows in Germany in 2010:

Milk yield, kg/year                   5.834

Fat content %                             5.64

Protein %                                    3.99

 

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Charolais

Charolais

Characteristic for this animal is its plain white to cream-coloured hair coat.
The animals are particularly suitable for fattening on intensive farm sites.
Daily increases of weight of 1,500 grams are usual. Today‘s final target weight of 650 to 700 kg is achieved at the age of 16 months.

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                around 144

Live weight, kg:              800 – 900

 

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Limousin

Limousin

This breed possesses a great vitality. We recommend it in moderate pastures where suckler cows are being kept without much supervision, particularly with regard to calving.

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                around 140

Live weight, kg:              700

 

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Angus

Angus

This genetically hornless, plain coloured meat breed has an elongated and well-muscled body with full and very powerfully developed legs.
Breeding of black and red Angus cattle with brown colours being tolerated to a certain degree.

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                around 136

Live weight, kg:              650 – 800

 

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Herford

Hereford

These medium-framed cattle are brown to reddish brown. Noticeable is the animal’s dominantly inherited white head. Neck, stomach and switch are also white.
A white neck strip and a non-pigmented muzzle are desirable.
The animals should possess a good meat gain without visible fat deposits.
Under German conditions, the daily weight gain of young bulls equals approx. 1,300 grams.

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                around 136

Live weight, kg:              650 – 850

 

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Simmental

German Simmental

Bred as a dual-purpose animal, German Simmental cattle are being used more and more to keep suckler cows.
A characteristic feature of this breed is its white head which is inherited dominantly.
The animal’s desirable economic efficiency is achieved through its large fodder capacity together with its good meat gain, regular fertility, smooth calving, rapid growth and adaptability.
The animal’s genetically hornless trait is an important breeding goal.

 

Profile:                              female

Sacrum of cm:                140 – 150

Live weight, kg:              700 – 850

 

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